"What matters is the extent to which all sectors of society, especially those who are most disadvantaged or marginalised, can access the media to gain information and make their voices heard. Limited access to — or lack of engagement with — the media is a function of poverty and poor education. It may also be caused or exacerbated by language, gender, age, ethnicity or the urban/rural divide. Whatever the cause, it contributes to an environment that can undermine democratic development.”

Source: The Importance of Self Regulation of the Media in Upholding Freedom of Expression, UNESCO publication, 2011

This brief document (only 21 pages) would make a good basis for discussion in journalism courses in many different countries. Its viewpoint is not overly specific to the developed countries — it takes into account the expectations for regulation of the media. 

Source: portal.unesco.org
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